- Holloman, Regina and and Fannie Lewis "The 'Clan': Case study of a Black extended family in Chicago." in The extended family in Black societies. Edited by D. Shimkin, E. Shimkin and D. Frate, 201-238. The Hague: Mouton 1978
- Lewis, Oscar "Introduction" to La vida: A Puerto Rican family in the culture of poverty--San Juan and New York. New York: Random House. 1965
- Shimkin, Demitri and G. Louie and D. Frate "The Black extended family: A basic rural institution and a mechanism of urban adaptation." in The extended family in Black societies. Edited by D. Shimkin, E. Shimkin and D. Frate, 25-147. The Hague: Mouton 1978
- Stack, Carol All our kin. New York: Harper and Row. 1975
This is the fourteenth in a series of notes to twelve lectures for my class Dynamics of Family Interaction.
Note the existence of similar controversies about the fate of migrants from the Spanish-speaking Americas--particularly Puerto-Ricans.
In brief it first seemed unquestionable that both slavery, and the later migration from the rural South to the urban North, were equally destructive of family ties and "thereby" (given psycho-dynamic theories about the relationship between family ties and mental health) produced the higher rate of all vices (my use of a moral term is deliberate here given the moral overtones of all this research) that could be observed among the urban poor by contrast to their rural consins, or their neighbors among the middle-classes: alcoholism and drug addiction, teen-age pregnancy and child abuse, low educational achievements even when schools are available, etc.
"at the heart of the deterioration of the fabric of Negro society is the deterioration of the Negro family. It is the fundamental source of weakness of the Negro community at the present time... The white family has achieved a high degree of stability and is maintaining that stability. By contrast, the family structure of lower class Negroes is highly unstable, and in many urban centers is approaching complete breakdown." (in The Moynihan report and the politics of controversy. Edited by L. Rainwater and W. Yancey, 41-124. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The M.I.T. Press. 1967 )
But is all this "healthy" (Whitehead) or likely to produce mobility into the middle classes?
Our objective has been to examine ways in which developmental processes are constrained by neighborhood settings ... (Brooks-Gunn et al. 1993; Jencks and Mayer 1990; .... Wilson 1991). ... Much of this work has accepted the idea that parents and children produce characteristic responses to constraints and opportunities present in their immediate environments in ways that create distinctive local cultures
|Some questions in the context of this lesson