Anthropology and Education

The Early Years

Setting the problematics: culture, class, and institutions

The word 'education' indexes what Cremin, later, refered to as the "deliberate and systematic" aspect of adult work with children. While this is useful in distinguishing work in anthropology and education from work in enculturation (or socialization) that I am not including here, it can be very dangerous if it equates 'education' with 'schooling' (and particularly Euro-American schooling) at the expense of other settings of deliberation, from families and peer groups, to apprenticeships, etc.

Durkheim, Emile
  • 1956 [1922] Education and Sociology. Tr. by S. Fox.. New York: The Free Press.
Durkheim, Emile
  • 1974 [1925] L'Education morale. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Durkheim, Emile
  • 1969 [1938] L'Evolution pédagogique en France. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Hollingshead, A. B.
  • 1949 Elmtown's Youth: The Impact of Social Class on Adolescents. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Lynd, Robert, and Helen Lynd
  • 1956 [1929] Middletown: A study in modern American culture. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
Mead, Margaret
  • 1942 "An anthropologist looks at the teacher's role." Educational methods 21: 219-223.
  • 1928 Coming of age in Samoa. New York: Morrow.
  • 1951 The school in American culture. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Parsons, Talcott
  • 1959 "The school class as social system: Some of its functions in American society." Harvard Educational Review 29: 297-318.
Redfield, Robert
  • 1973 [1945] "A contribution of anthropology to the education of the teacher." in Cultural relevance and educational issues. Edited by F. Ianni and E. Storey, 201-210. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
Warner, W. Lloyd
  • 1949 Democracy in Jonesville. New York: Harper and Row.
  • 1944 Who shall be educated. New York: Harper and Row.
January 14, 2002